Learn About Fragrance
As New Zealand’s leading supplier of high-quality fragrance oils the team at Candle Creations work directly with the manufacturer to develop beautiful fragrances that are formulated specifically for use in candles, soap and body products. Our fragrances are all highly purified and are guaranteed to be free of phthalates, paraffin and UV inhibitors. Our fragrances are not tested on animals.
How you use our fragrance oils will depend on the product you are making; the first thing to check is that the fragrance is suitable for the product you are creating, especially if it is to be used on the skin.
All of our fragrance oils can be used in candles and diffusers however a few (not many) are not suitable for skin. You will find detailed usage guidelines with every fragrance listing. Never use fragrance oil on the lips, we have special flavour oils for lip balms.
It is best to consult our recipes’ and tutorials for specific instructions on using our fragrance in your candles, soaps and other products. One main caution is not to add the fragrance to any liquid above 80°C or you will risk burning off some of the lighter notes and damaging your fragrance.
Some fragrances can and will cause a product to change colour, for example Vanilla fragrance can turn a light brownish colour (the colour of Vanilla) over time. French Pear can make a soy candle turn yellow. This is not a fault of the fragrance but a natural reaction and shows that our fragrances contain high amounts of natural ingredients. Natural reactions mean you are dealing with natural products.
Our oils are all highly purified, Phthalate free, and are proven to be highly effective in all of the recommended applications.
Fragrance Load, how much fragrance to use in candles:
When using fragrance oils in candles we recommend between 6% to 10% or 60ml to 100ml per 1 litre of melted wax. Some waxes can take up to 12% but that requires testing to achieve. The fragrance load for essential oils is generally lower, around 3% to 6%, but because of the vast difference in EO’s this can vary widely.
The fragrance industry guards it’s recipes closely and it’s impossible to get an exact list of ingredients. But we do always have a list of fragrance “notes” made up of top, middle and base notes. We can also supply IFRA and MSDS certificates for every fragrance on request. The important thing to know about our fragrances is that none contain Phthalates, which are a known carcinogen. And that all of the ingredients in our fragrances, including essential base oils and naturally derived ingredients, are distilled and/or purified to ensure the highest quality and performance.
Based in the USA, on the doorstep of New Yorks fashion and fragrance district, our fragrance manufacturer is regarded as one of the best in the world. They are a member of RIFM (the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials) and IFRA (International Fragrance Association).
It is quite common to mix different FO’s to create your own signature scent. But you should note that not all fragrances will play well together so be prepared to experiment!
Some fragrances may cause wax and soap to change colour due to the colour of the fragrance ingredients and/or the natural reaction to other ingredients. Therefore it is highly recommended that you conduct your own testing. Discoloration cannot be considered a ‘fault’ with the fragrance oil or wax. If you are using our fragrances in body lotions & soaps, please note that the recommended % is a guide only. You must conduct your own testing to ensure compatibility with your soaps, lotions & candles. Test with a 30ml sample bottle as no returns given due to incompatibility.
All of our fragrances meet or exceed global industry standards based on the research and standards established through RIFM and IFRA.
RIFM – The Research Institute for Fragrance Materials was established in 1966 and is responsible for researching candle fragrance materials. Find more information here.
IFRA – The International Fragrance Association is responsible for interpreting the data from RIFM and setting codes and standards for fragrance materials. IFRA updates its codes and standards annually. Because our manufacturer is a member of IFRA, they have access to all the research, codes, and standards for the home fragrance industry, and they are bound to abide by those codes. Find more information here.
The difference between Fragrance Oils and Essential Oils:
Fragrance Oils (FO’s) are a mixture of synthesized scents as well as essential oils contained in a natural base oil. The process of formulating these FO’s involves thorough testing to ensure their compatibility with candles and soaps. FO’s deliver a consistent scent and are designed and tested to work well with the base ingredients we supply such as soy wax, melt’n’pour soap etc. Essential Oils (EO’s) are a 100% pure extraction of oil from a plant. Every EO is very different in terms of viscosity, flash point and “mixability” with base ingredients.
So which is best, FO or EO?
We sell both type of oils. EO’s are great for use in body products because of their therapeutic attributes but they can be unpredictable in candles, it’s often difficult to match the correct wick for them and they can have low flash points making them a wee bit dangerous if you are not careful in your testing! Plus EO’s can cost up to four times the price of FO’s yet in terms of providing amazing scent throw in your home, they do not deliver four times the benefit. For these reasons we highly recommend that Fragrance Oils (FO’s) are used for making candles and soaps and that Essential Oils (EO’s) are best used for lotions, creams and other body products.